- State, armed outfits continue extra-judicial killings
Kantipur, March 26, 2011.
The state and various armed groups are competing in perpetrating extra-judicial killings in Tarai, a report shows.
“The Series of Extra-judicial Killings in Terai”, published by the Democratic Freedom and Human Rights Institute (DFHRI) on Friday shows the state was involved in 133 extra-judicial killings while armed groups were involved in 128 cases during the 2007-2010 period.
Among the various armed outfits in Tarai responsible for extra-judicial killings, the Janatantrik Tarai Mukti Morcha (Jwala Singh group) topped the list with 28 killings followed by Madhes Mukti Tigers which indulged in 12 killings. On the basis of geography, Dhanusha district saw the largest number of extra-judicial killing (31 cases) followed by Saptari, Bara, Parsa, Siraha, Rautahat, Banke, Rupandehi, Dang and Kapilvastu.
“In the cases of the state’s involvement, the government has tried to justify them calling them the result of crossfire while armed outfits have done so in donation drives,” said Sanjay Aryal, researcher at DFHRI.
The report also shows that victims’ families faced problems filing lawsuits over the murder of their family members in extra-judicial killings. Around 250 families have been hit by the killings and many of them are in a wretched condition as they have not got compensation from the government.
Other impacts of the killings are growing insecurity, brain drain, waning social harmony and reduction in agriculture.
Mostly, unemployed youths between the age of 20 and 25, especially of poor economic status, have been lured towards joining different underground outfits and armed groups. During the period, 33 government employees including engineers, District Education Officers,VDC secretaries and teachers were victimised.
The open border with India also has given leeway to armed groups in the Tarai who coordinate with lik-minded groups from India.
“The government objected to an OHCHR report submitted last year that included extra-judicial killings in the Tarai. We hope it initiates investigation into the cases as soon as possible,” said OHCHR Chief for Nepal Jyoti Sanghera.
Of the 135 recommendations submitted, the government rejected 15 even as it accepted more than 55 recommendations.
The rejected cases were related to the ratification of some important international human rights treaties and these related to investigations into allegations of extra-judicial killings in the Tarai.
Top five risky districts
Top armed killer groups
• JTMM (Jwala Singh group)—28
• Madhes Mukti Tigers—12
• JTMM (Rajan)—11
• Madhes Rastiya Janatantrik Party (Krantikari)—8
• Tarai Mukti Morcha—6